Intergenerational – Introduction


Inter-generational bridging, outlined here, touches on the building of bridging ties among different generations included in co-creative culture activities.

“The term co-creation, in the context of this project, refers to co-creation in a free, civic context, where different citizen groups work and create together. It aims to promote social capital, mutual trust and recognition as being part of the same democratic community.”[1]

Bridging ties are bonds built upon mutual trust which is the glue of the communities. Social capital can be defined as the reciprocal relations between individuals and communities where trust is a key factor for interaction.   

“Bridging social capital and fostering social inclusion through co-creative activities is understood as essential learning outcomes of participatory and co-creative culture activities, where former segregated groups are engaged in shared crossover cultural activities,…”[2]

Inter-generational learning (where more generations are included in shared learning activities) is not a one-way relationship. There are many interactions, both formal and informal, that take place in both directions. The sum of these interactions determines the quality of life for both the younger generation and for older people.[3]

The concept of generation can be based on different definitions: the first is the idea of generations in families, the second refers to history – a generation is a group of people who live through the same set of experience, the third, used in demography, is generation as the birth cohort of a year.[4] There are also new concepts different from the ones that perceive generations as social categories or groups. New concepts indicate relevance of consciousness and identity. Such a perspective draws particular attention to relationships between members of different generations and the dynamics of these relationships.[5]

“Consistently low birth rates and higher life expectancy are transforming the shape of the EU-28’s age pyramid; probably the most important change will be the marked transition towards a much older population structure, a development which is already apparent in several EU Member States.”[6]

Intergenerational solidarity in the eyes of many is a desirable value in itself. We can also outline the instrumental value of the intergenerational solidarity – it is a mechanism for supporting mutually beneficial exchanges between generations. Each generation potentially gains from such exchanges.[7]

Following the State of the Arts survey report, we present six case studies following up ways in which co-creative activities can encourage inter-generational bridging. Case studies come from Denmark, Lithuania, Poland and Slovenia.


[1] State of the Art Report. Overview of co-creative and participatory activities in the sector of amateur arts, voluntary culture and heritage. Educult, June 2018.

State of the Art Report in all national partners languages can be find at:

[2] Ibid

[3] Intergenerational Learning and Active Ageing (2012)

[4] Ibid

[5] Generations, intergenerational relationships, generational policy (2017)


[7] Paying for the past, providing for the future: Intergenerational solidarity, 2011

In this document there is a talk of financial intergenerational solidarity but the principal idea is the same for inter-generational learning.